Article History

31% RazerBlue6

hes (format)

PC Engine/ TurboGrafx16
token - hes

points - Chipist

file types - .vgm .hes

max filesize - 10mb
  1. Tools
  2. Playback
The PC Engine/TurboGrafx-16 was a home video game console released in 1987 for Japan and 1989 in North America respectively.

Sound is delivered through six 5-bit wavetable channels programed via the HuC6280A CPU. The 5th and 6th channel have noise generation capabilities. Also, the 2nd channel has an optional "LFO" function which can frequency modulate channel 1.

Software could stream sampled sound into any of the 6 channels with digital to analog conversion. Channels could also be combined for a higher 8, 9, or 10 bit PCM sample playback.

The PC Engine/TurboGrafx-16 also received a CD-ROM expansion (called the 'CD-ROM²') almost one year after its release, also making it the first video game console to have a CD-ROM peripheral.

The CD-ROM² expansion gives the console the ability to play CD-DA (stereo 16-bit Linear PCM at 44,1 kHz) and adds a single ADPCM channel to the existing channels of the console.

The Oki MSM5205 ADPCM chip found inside the CD-ROM² expansion has the ability to play compressed 4-bit audio, which decompresses to 12-bit audio (although only the top 10-bits get output through the DAC). The chip supports a maximum sampling rate of 32.088 kHz.


MML Compilers

GUI / Tracker
DefleMask Tracker


When playing back VGM exports (from Deflemask), most VGM music players will do. The most common VGM playback programs are foobar2000 with foo_gep
or the VGM playback software in_vgm with VGMplay

It is known that foo_gep's PCE playback routine is bugged, and is NOT recommended for playback. The suggested software for playing back .hes files is audio overload
(of all things).

Want to listen music ripped from the console’s games? check out the ripped chiptune repository!;

- Complete list of ripped chiptunes repositories